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In this clip of Path to the Podium, the life of Rudy Giuliani is discussed. Even though he was raised in Brooklyn, New York, and his father spent time in jail, he went on a different path starting at New York University. He went on to work for the US Attorneys office for the Southern District of New York making a difference in the activities of the mafia and on Wall Street. Then he became the mayor of New York City, or what some call him America's Mayor.
Giuliani's public profile started to rise when he was appointed as the United States Associate Attorney General by President Ronald Reagan. He held the position from 1981 to 1983, when he was appointed United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York. He held this post until 1989, when he resigned to run his first campaign for Mayor of New York City. He lost the race but won four years later, and served as the city's mayor from 1994 to 2001. As mayor, he was best known for his leadership role during the September 11 attacks, when he coordinated and managed the immediate emergency response,  earning him the title as Time magazine Person of the Year in 2001. He also positioned himself as "tough on crime" and was often credited with the reduction in offenses that occurred during his tenure in office. Giuliani briefly ran for U.S. Senate in New York to fill the vacancy left by the retiring Daniel Patrick Moynihan in 2000, but was forced to withdraw from the race after being diagnosed with prostate cancer. Although he held traditional views on defense and economics, Giuliani was considered socially liberal, holding pro-choice views on abortion, supporting same-sex civil unions and embryonic stem cell research. As mayor, the abortion rate in New York City dropped by 16% in comparison to the 12% drop nationally adoptions raised by 133%.
A draft movement began in late 2005 to convince Giuliani to run for President of the United States in 2008. "Draft Rudy Giuliani for President, Inc." filed with the Federal Election Commission (FEC), and became the first federal committee formed with the sole purpose of encouraging Giuliani to run. During this time, pro-life groups, such as the Republican National Coalition for Life, had already announced their intention to oppose Giuliani, because of his stance on abortion. However, evidence suggested that even among those voters, he enjoyed some support for his possible run.  Some social conservatives contended that Giuliani's emphasis on lowering the abortion rate, was a pragmatic pro-life view.  Among the overall public, Giuliani was perceived to be a moderate. An August 2006 Rasmussen Reports poll found that 36% of the American public identified the potential candidate as a moderate, while 29% identified him as a conservative and 15% as a liberal.  Early polls showed Giuliani with one of the highest levels of name recognition and support, and he was considered a front-runner in the race for the Republican nomination. 
Throughout 2006, rumors circulated regarding a possible Giuliani presidential campaign, abetted by hints from the former mayor himself. Over the Independence Day holiday weekend in July 2006, Giuliani declared that he would run for president in 2008 if he could raise sufficient funds. On November 13, 2006, Giuliani announced during a leadership conference in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania that he had taken the first step toward a potential 2008 White House bid by forming the Rudy Giuliani Presidential Exploratory Committee, Inc., allowing him to raise money for national travel and for a presidential campaign.
On February 5, 2007, Giuliani officially entered the race for the 2008 U.S. presidential election after filing a "statement of candidacy" with the Federal Election Commission.  He confirmed his candidacy on the February 14 edition of Larry King Live, firmly stating: "Yes, I'm running."  No Italian American had ever been elected president, and Giuliani's run was the most notable by a member of the ethnic group (the only Italian American to be a major-party national ticket nominee was Geraldine Ferraro, the 1984 Democratic Party nominee for vice-president also, Al Smith's grandfather was Italian). [ citation needed ]
February - May 2007: Early stages Edit
Following a series of criticisms from conservatives about his views on abortion, Giuliani made a pledge in February 2007 to nominate Supreme Court Justices in the mold of John Roberts, Samuel Alito, Antonin Scalia, and Anthony Kennedy (all Ronald Reagan appointees, former colleagues of his in the Reagan Justice Department or both). 
Giuliani and the nine other Republican presidential contenders participated in the first MSNBC 2008 Republican Presidential Candidates Debate on May 3, 2007, held at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. In the non-scientific six-part MSNBC online vote following the debate,  Giuliani finished in 3rd place (15%).
Giuliani portrayed himself as the candidate who could beat Hillary Clinton in the general election by being competitive in traditional blue states such as New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Delaware.  A May 10, 2007 Quinnipiac University Polling Institute poll put Giuliani ahead of Hillary Clinton, 48% to 42% in Connecticut. 
Giuliani participated at the May 15, 2007 GOP debate in South Carolina where the notable exchange occurred when the former mayor challenged a statement made by Congressman Ron Paul. Paul claimed that the United States' presence in the Middle East over the past decade incited hatred towards the United States among many Middle Easterners and provided terrorists with extra incentive to commit the September 11 attacks. The debate was sponsored by Fox News. News Corporation, the parent company of Fox News, is a client of the Bracewell & Giuliani law firm.  Accuracy in Media editor Cliff Kincaid charged after the debate that this represented a conflict of interest, and that Fox News moderators Chris Wallace and Wendell Goler and post-debate interviewer Sean Hannity failed to ask Giuliani pertinent follow-up questions regarding the Ron Paul exchange about the causes of the September 11 attacks. 
In May, influential Christian conservative leader James Dobson, wrote that he could not fathom Giuliani's stance on the abortion issue and he would not vote for him if he were the Republican presidential nominee. He also cited Giuliani's three marriages and the former mayor's support for civil unions for gays as reasons why he could not support the candidate. Dobson wrote, "I cannot, and will not, vote for Rudy Giuliani in 2008. It is an irrevocable decision." 
According to the Federal Elections Commission, Giuliani raised $18,029,974 in the first quarter of 2007, second to Mitt Romney among Republicans and fourth overall. Out of that money he spent only $6,080,239. Among that money he raised the second-most from Wall Street of all presidential candidates, with $1.8 million raised. 
Summer 2007: The campaign heats up Edit
In June 2007, Giuliani drew some criticism for dropping out of the August Iowa Straw Poll.  Some Republican officials felt the move could be seen as "dissing Iowa."  In response, a man in a chicken suit, known as the Iowa Chicken, began demonstrating at Giuliani's appearances in Iowa.   Despite this, Giuliani maintained that he was still planning on competing in the Iowa Caucus.  Some political observers have opined that the Straw Poll results are bought by campaigns. 
America is best when we solve our problems from our strengths, not our weaknesses. Healthcare reform must be based on increased choice, affordability, portability, and individual empowerment.
Giuliani had emerged as the frontrunner after overtaking John McCain in the polls. With the exposure and eventual entrance of Fred Thompson into the field, Giuliani's poll numbers began to drop. But he held on to his status as frontrunner. According to the CBS News Poll taken June 26–28, Giuliani held the lead over Thompson 34% to 21%. 
In the second quarter, Giuliani revealed that he raised $17 million, first among Republicans and third overall behind Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. 
September 2007: Frontrunner status Edit
In September, reports surfaced of a coordinated grassroots campaign "$9.11 for Rudy", which attempted to solicit $9.11 in the form of donations. One of their supporters, Abraham Sofaer, attempted to hold a fundraiser for Giuliani during the "National House Party Night", and drew criticism.  Democratic presidential candidate Chris Dodd called the theme "unconscionable, shameless and sickening."  However, Giuliani's campaign spokeswoman Maria Comella stated, "These are two volunteers who acted independently of and without the knowledge of the campaign, their decision to ask individuals for that amount was an unfortunate choice." 
Perhaps because of Giuliani's frontrunner status, some national leaders of the Christian right including James Dobson, Richard Viguerie, Tony Perkins and Morton Blackwell,  attended a meeting of the Council for National Policy in September 2007, at the Grand America Hotel in Salt Lake City. At this meeting, they decided that they would consider supporting a third-party candidate for president if a pro-choice candidate were to win the Republican nomination.    The CNP's official statement read, "If the Republican Party nominates a pro-abortion candidate, we will consider running a third-party candidate." 
By the end of September 2007, most polls showed Giuliani to have more support than any of the other declared Republican candidates, with only Senator Thompson and Governor Romney showing greater support in some state polls.  Specifically, state-by-state polls for the 2008 Republican nomination showed that Giuliani polled ahead of all other candidates in a majority of states including the delegate-rich states of California,  New York,  and Florida.  A September 26, 2007 Quinnipiac poll taken in New Jersey gave the mayor a slight lead over Hillary Clinton in the traditional blue state, 45% to 44%. 
Fall 2007: Under attack Edit
On November 9, 2007, Bernard Kerik, whom Giuliani had appointed to several top positions during his mayoralty, brought in as a partner at Giuliani Partners, and recommended for Secretary of Homeland Security, was indicted on 16 counts of tax fraud and other federal charges.  Due to questions about Giuliani's judgement in promoting Kerik's career, The New York Times said that the forthcoming legal proceedings could "cast a shadow" on Giuliani's presidential campaign,  while The Washington Post said the indictment "was expected to provide an opening for political rivals" of Giuliani.  Giuliani said that "I made a mistake of not clearing him effectively enough. I take the responsibility for that", and defended Kerik's performance in the city positions he had held.  Giuliani also declined to say whether he might one day issue a presidential pardon for Kerik.  On November 13, 2007, former publisher Judith Regan, with whom Kerik had had an extramarital affair, filed a $100 million defamation lawsuit against News Corporation, the affiliate of Fox News, claiming among other things that the corporation's executives told her in 2004 to lie to federal investigators about her relationship with Kerik, in order to protect Giuliani's future presidential campaign. 
These are perilous times for Rudy Giuliani
In late November 2007, The Politico reported that while Mayor of New York in 1999 and 2000, Giuliani had billed to obscure city agencies several tens of thousands of dollars of mayoral security expenses incurred while visiting Judith Nathan, with whom he was having an extramarital affair, in The Hamptons.  Giuliani denied that he or his administration had done anything improper, and called the charges a "political hit job".  Questions continued in the press not over his need for the security, but over the appearance of trying to hide the expenses in the city budget, which Giuliani aides eventually said was due to vendor payment efficiencies.  Shortly thereafter, the New York Daily News reported another angle on the story, stating that Giuliani had ordered police department protection and chauffeuring services for Nathan in early 2000, before her relationship with him had even become public. 
During late November and early December 2007, several stories were published in the press regarding clients of Giuliani's consultancy firm, Giuliani Partners, and his law firm, Bracewell & Giuliani.  The Village Voice and others reported that Giuliani Partners had been given contracts from the Qatar Ministry of the Interior for security advice and consulting since 2005, and these contracts had been overseen by then-Minister of Religious Affairs Abdullah Bin Khalid Al-Thani,   a member of Qatar's royal family who is considered sympathetic to Al Qaeda and who had sheltered future September 11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed from the FBI in 1996.    The New York Times reported that Bracewell & Giuliani had lobbied for an Ethiopian political faction opposing its government and in opposition to goals of American foreign policy.  In fact, Giuliani had already stepped down as CEO and chairman of Giuliani Partners in June 2007,  although this action was not disclosed publicly. On December 4, 2007, in the wake of the latest attention to the firm's client base, Giuliani Partners announced the stepping down,  with Giuliani defending his work there, saying, "Everything I did at Giuliani Partners was totally legal, totally ethical. There's nothing for me to explain about. We acted honorably, decently."  Giuliani maintained his equity interest in the firm. 
The Nathan security billing and Giuliani client base stories dominated Giuliani's press coverage for much of a week and coincided with a significant drop in his national poll figures    and a worsening of his fortunes in the first caucus and primary states.  Combined with the Kerik developments, they associated an air of political-personal doubt around the candidate.  The Wall Street Journal stated that "These are perilous times for Rudy Giuliani."  In a lengthy interview on the nationally televised Meet the Press, Giuliani defended the security detail decisions, saying they were warranted by threat assessments at the time, and defended his refusal to release a full Giuliani Partners client list, saying every client of significance had already been pointed out in the press.  Within a month after the original Nathan report, an investigation of city records by The New York Times revealed that the billing of mayoral travel-related expenses to obscure city agencies had started two years before the Nathan visits began, and totaled a hundred times more than what was spent for the Nathan visits, thus strongly suggesting that the Nathan visits "had nothing to do with any accounting legerdemain."  Nevertheless, the political damage had been done. 
Winter 2007: A strategy in peril Edit
By mid-December 2007, Giuliani was keeping to his strategy of campaigning in big states such as New York, New Jersey, Florida, California, Illinois, Missouri, and other Super Duper Tuesday states, while the other contenders focused on the earlier states of Iowa, New Hampshire, and South Carolina.  However, the strategy was now seen as at risk.  Not only were his poll numbers in the early states falling — despite an attempt for a while to boost his standing in New Hampshire  with $3 million of radio and television advertising, which ended up not having any effect  — but he had lost his national lead and had fallen into statistical ties with Mike Huckabee.  Most dangerously, his lead in Florida, the first state that he planned to heavily contest, was dwindling as well.  Furthermore, changes in Giuliani's campaign messaging went largely unnoticed by the press, given that they were focused on Iowa and New Hampshire developments.  Giuliani's woes were further symbolized when he got sick with flu-like symptoms during a campaign flight and was admitted overnight to Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri as a precaution.  Giuliani resumed limited campaigning in subsequent days the campaign would not give precise details of tests done  Giuliani then stated it had been a "terrible headache", not flu, and a full medical report would be given after Christmas  but the health question had become an ongoing campaign story.  Giuliani did indeed get a clean bill of health from his doctor on the day after Christmas,  but again a minor amount of political damage had been done.
Giuliani's voter appeal continued to be hurt by the previous month's stories about his personal and business life, as well as the reduced level of civil strife in Iraq undercutting his security-based campaign messages.  When the close proximity of the first contests to the holidays led to many candidates putting out Christmas videos — allowing them to keep presenting their message but in a more appropriate setting  — Giuliani chose two videos which combined his policy goals with humorous asides with Santa Claus regarding fruit cakes as gifts or the vain hope that "all the presidential candidates can just get along." 
Iowa and New Hampshire Edit
In the January 3 Iowa Republican caucus, in which Giuliani essentially did not compete,  he finished a distant sixth out of seven candidates with 4 percent of the vote.  He had been second in polls in the state as late as early October. 
Giuliani did compete, off and on, in the January 8 New Hampshire primary,  making the second most appearances there of any Republican after Mitt Romney and spending the third most money there after Romney and John McCain.  He had been second in the polls in the state as late as the start of December,  but finished fourth in the primary with 9 percent of the vote, far behind McCain and Romney and trailing as well third-place finisher Mike Huckabee. 
Giuliani continued to maintain that his strategy of focusing on later, larger primaries would result in his winning the nomination. Before the New Hampshire votes had been counted, Giuliani's campaign moved to Florida in preparation for the state's January 29 primary. "I want you to come join us there and help us", he said. "And help us in Connecticut. Help us in New York. Help us in New Jersey."  By January 2008, Giuliani's popularity had slipped significantly, both in the polls and media attention. Measurements by the University of Navarra indicated that throughout the month, Giuliani's amount of global media attention was a distant fourth among Republican candidates, trailing Huckabee, Romney, and McCain. 
Michigan, Nevada, South Carolina Edit
Meanwhile, Giuliani's results in the early primaries and caucuses were very low: sixth place with 3% of the vote in the Michigan primary  (where he had leading in polls as recently as mid-December),  sixth place with 4% of the vote in the Nevada caucuses,  and sixth place with 2% of the vote in the South Carolina primary  (where he had been tied for the lead in polls as late as mid-December). 
Giuliani said on January 8 that Florida was "real important" to the campaign, and that they would put "almost everything" into Florida.  Several senior staffers in the campaign went without their January paychecks in order to assure that more funds could be spent in the state. 
A January 14, 2008, poll from Rasmussen Reports showed that Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, John McCain and Mitt Romney were all tied within the margin of error  On January 23, 2008, the Miami-Herald reported that Giuliani's Florida support was in "freefall" as polls showed him fighting Huckabee (who was only campaigning part-time in the state  ) for third place, well behind front-runners McCain and Romney.  By a January 24, 2008 poll, Giuliani was in third place in Florida with 20% of the vote, compared to 23% for John McCain and 27% for Mitt Romney.
Another blow to Giuliani was the late endorsements for McCain of Florida Senator and former Chairman of the Republican National Committee Mel Martinez on January 25  and the highly popular Governor of Florida, Charlie Crist, on January 26.  Crist had planned to endorse Giuliani in the early autumn,  and had still been expected to do so in early January.  The Giuliani camp had placed much emphasis on the value of a Crist endorsement, and had focused their campaign strategies around it.  They were thus visibly upset by Crist's endorsement of McCain.  Whereas previously Giuliani had declared that he would campaign on regardless of the Florida results, he now was more vague.  By the day before the Florida vote, a new Quinnipiac University Polling Institute final poll showed Giuliani's slide continuing down to 14 percent, 18 points behind McCain.  Giuliani chartered a Boeing 727 to conduct a barnstorming tour of airports: Orlando Sanford International Airport, St. Petersburg-Clearwater International Airport, Southwest Florida International Airport (near Fort Myers), and Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport,   with actor-surrogate Jon Voight along with him,  but the crowds for the tarmac rallies usually struggled to reach one hundred.    Giuliani's staff handed out gifts to members of the press on the plane one reporter said that the gift seemed like a "going-away present".  By that night, it was being reported that Giuliani might quit the race if he failed to pull off a surprise win there.  
On January 29, 2008, Giuliani finished third in the Florida primary behind McCain and Romney. 
Although Giuliani hoped to win most of the necessary delegates for the nomination on Super Tuesday, February 5, late January polls by Rasmussen Reports showed that he was in fifth place in California with 11% support,  and a Rasmussen Reports poll out of New Jersey showed him in second place with 27% support.  One New Jersey poll had him losing a 32-point lead since October and trailing McCain there.  Perhaps the biggest concern was the fact that two polls released on January 20 showed McCain with a double-digit lead in Giuliani's home state of New York.  A Zogby poll showed a close race in New York, but also put McCain ahead. 
Following his Florida defeat, Giuliani flew cross-country to give his withdrawal announcement on January 30 at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum in Simi Valley, California, endorsing McCain at the same time.  The endorsement was given with enthusiasm, as Giuliani and McCain were genuine friends and were allies on many political issues. 
Giuliani's defeat continued a long tradition of Mayors of New York not succeeding at attempts for higher office. 
Rudy Giuliani's presidential campaign was endorsed by some notable individuals including businessmen, politicians, athletes, and actors.
Giuliani's run for the presidency ended with a considerable debt. Over a year later, he was still paying it back. During the first quarter of 2009, he gave his campaign $200,000 of his own money. Nevertheless, the campaign was still $2.4 million in arrears, the largest such remaining debt for any of the 2008 contenders.  In addition to this considerable debt, Giuliani's "high appearance fees dropped like a stone", in the words of Mark Greenbaum of Salon, following his failure to win the nomination. 
What New York Rule of Professional Conduct is Giuliani accused of breaking?
These are the rules in New York that Giuliani is alleged to have violated:
- Rule 3.3: which provides that "(a) A lawyer shall not knowingly: (1) make a false statement of fact or law to a tribunal. "
- Rule 4.1: which provides that "In the course of representing a client, a lawyer shall not knowingly make a false statement of fact or law to a third person"
- Rule 8.4: "A lawyer or law firm not: . (c) engage in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation, . or (h) engage in any other conduct that adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness as a lawyer."
Trump frequently mocked Rudy Giuliani, called him 'pathetic,' and said he 'sucked,' new book says
Trump regularly insulted Rudy Giuliani, according to the reporter Michael Bender's new book.
He told Giuliani he "sucked" and was "weak" and also called him "pathetic," the book says.
Giuliani still craved Trump's attention and often competed with aides to sit near him, it adds.
Former President Donald Trump regularly insulted one of his most loyal confidants, former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani, according to the Wall Street Journal reporter Michael Bender's new book, an excerpt of which was obtained by the Daily Mail.
Trump mocked Giuliani for falling asleep during meetings and delivered harsh feedback on his TV interviews, Bender writes in his forthcoming book on the 2020 election, "Frankly, We Did Win This Election: The Inside Story of How Trump Lost."
According to the book, Trump told Giuliani he "sucked" and was "weak" after Giuliani defended him on TV amid fallout over the publication of the "Access Hollywood" tape in which Trump brags about sexually assaulting women.
Despite Trump's mockery, Giuliani was determined to remain close to the president, the book says.
"Rudy never wanted to be left out," one aide told Bender, according to the Mail. "If you were ever between Rudy and the president, look out. You were going to get trampled."
Still, there were times when Trump defended Giuliani, the book says. At one point, the president's aides started complaining about how Giuliani's frequent television appearances were creating a public-relations headache for the White House press shop, but "Trump barked that at least Giuliani was out there fighting for him," Bender's book says, according to the Mail. "Everyone shut up after that," he added.
Giuliani has been a hard-line Trump supporter since his presidential campaign in 2016. But the former New York mayor was catapulted into the spotlight in 2018 when he took over as Trump's main defense attorney. He took the role amid allegations that the president coordinated an illegal hush-money payment to the adult-film actress Stormy Daniels during the 2016 campaign in exchange for her silence about an affair she said they had.
He also defended Trump during the special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into Russia's interference in the 2016 election and whether the Trump campaign conspired with Moscow to tilt the race in his favor. Most recently, he was a fixture on national television while crusading to overturn the results of the 2020 election based on baseless allegations of rampant voter and election fraud.
On Thursday, a New York court suspended Giuliani from practicing law in the state after finding "uncontroverted evidence" that he "communicated demonstrably false and misleading statements to courts, lawmakers and the public at large" about the 2020 election results. Nonpartisan election experts and cybersecurity professionals found that contrary to Giuliani's and Trump's claims of malfeasance, the 2020 election was the safest and most secure in US history.
The former New York mayor appeared on the conservative network Newsmax hours after the ruling came down and said he was "not very happy" about the suspension.
"All I can say is, America is not America any longer," Giuliani added. "We do not live in a free state. We live in a state that's controlled by the Democrat Party."
Read the document
Giuliani law license suspension
Mr. Giuliani now faces disciplinary proceedings, which are typically closed to the public, and can fight the suspension. But the court said in its decision that he would be likely to face “permanent sanctions” after the proceedings conclude. A final outcome could be months away but could include punishment ranging from a written warning to disbarment.
Mr. Giuliani’s lawyers, John Leventhal and Barry Kamins, said in a statement that they were disappointed that the panel had acted before holding a hearing on the allegations.
“This is unprecedented as we believe that our client does not pose a present danger to the public interest,” they said. “We believe that once the issues are fully explored at a hearing, Mr. Giuliani will be reinstated as a valued member of the legal profession that he has served so well in his many capacities for so many years.”
At least three ethics complaints had been publicly filed against Mr. Giuliani, including one earlier this year by a group of prominent lawyers who accused him of abusing the court system to undermine democracy. It is not known which complaint, if any, triggered the New York court’s investigation.
Mr. Giuliani is also licensed to practice law in Washington, D.C., and the decision in New York could set off disciplinary proceedings there, although that is not automatic.
It is rare for the court to temporarily suspend lawyers for making unethical public statements, according to lawyers who specialize in disciplinary proceedings, and it is more common in cases in which lawyers are accused of stealing money from clients.
The practical impact of the decision was not clear. Although Mr. Giuliani started his own law firm in 2019, it has been decades since he regularly argued in courtrooms. Before Mr. Giuliani became Mr. Trump’s lawyer, he was running his own security consulting business. More recently, he has hosted a radio show and appeared in cigar commercials.
Still, the suspension marked another stunning chapter in the rise and fall of Mr. Giuliani, once a legal and political star. He had enjoyed near-hero status when, as New York City mayor, he led the city through the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
Before that, he was a hard-charging prosecutor who was known for battling organized crime and corrupt politicians. But he is now being investigated by the United States attorney’s office in Manhattan, the same office he once led, and faces the prospect of being banned from the legal profession in which he has worked for more than five decades.
The federal investigation into Mr. Giuliani centers on his dealings in Ukraine before the 2020 election, when he sought to damage President Biden’s credibility. In April, F.B.I. agents seized Mr. Giuliani’s cellphones and computers, an extraordinary action to take against a lawyer for a former president.
Prosecutors have been investigating whether Mr. Giuliani illegally lobbied the Trump administration in 2019 on behalf of Ukrainian officials and oligarchs, who were assisting Mr. Giuliani’s efforts to dig up dirt in Ukraine on Mr. Biden and his son. Mr. Giuliani has denied any wrongdoing.
The New York court’s decision is not related to that investigation but examined Mr. Giuliani’s efforts to overturn the results of the November presidential election.
On Thursday, Mr. Trump defended Mr. Giuliani, saying in a statement that “all of New York is out of control.”
“Can you believe that New York wants to strip Rudy Giuliani, a great American Patriot, of his law license because he has been fighting what has already been proven to be a Fraudulent Election?” Mr. Trump wrote.
From nearly the moment on Election Day when Fox News declared that Mr. Biden had won Arizona, Mr. Giuliani urged Mr. Trump to fight the outcomes in a handful of battleground states. Mr. Trump tapped Mr. Giuliani to lead his legal efforts.
But while Mr. Giuliani repeatedly claimed he could prove widespread fraud in the election, including showing that dead people had cast ballots, he offered no evidence supporting that contention in court. He traveled the country to press his claims with lawmakers in several battleground states.
On Jan. 6, Mr. Giuliani addressed a rally by Trump supporters near the White House ahead of the certification of the Electoral College vote in Congress. Mr. Giuliani told the crowd he sought a “trial by combat.”
A short time later, hundreds of Trump supporters left the rally and swarmed the Capitol, breaking into the building and threatening lawmakers.
In Thursday’s decision, the New York court said that false statements like the ones made by Mr. Giuliani tarnished the reputation of the entire legal profession. Mr. Giuliani’s misconduct “directly inflamed” the tensions that led to the Capitol riot, the court said.
“One only has to look at the ongoing present public discord over the 2020 election, which erupted into violence, insurrection and death on Jan. 6, 2021, at the U.S. Capitol, to understand the extent of the damage that can be done when the public is misled by false information about the elections,” the court wrote.
The court noted, for instance, that Mr. Giuliani repeatedly claimed tens of thousands of underage teenagers had voted illegally in Georgia. An audit by the Georgia Office of the Secretary of State found that no one under the age of 18 had voted in the 2020 election.
But Mr. Giuliani continued to repeat the false claim as recently as April 27 on his radio show, the court said, after a disciplinary committee had already petitioned the court to suspend his law license.
Before the court made its decision, Mr. Giuliani had argued in filings that he presented no threat to the public, promising to exercise “personal discipline” and no longer make any public statements about legal matters related to the 2020 election, the court said in its ruling.
The fallout from Mr. Trump’s efforts to overturn the election has ensnared several members of his legal team. Earlier this year, Dominion Voting Systems, an election technology company, sued Mr. Giuliani and Sidney Powell, another Trump lawyer, accusing them of spreading “a viral disinformation campaign” about the company’s machines manipulating vote tallies.
In the defamation lawsuit against Mr. Giuliani, Dominion is seeking more than $1.3 billion in damages. Mr. Giuliani has called the suit an “act of intimidation by the hate-filled left-wing.”
The suspension of Mr. Giuliani’s law license was not the first time his legal career has suffered from his association with Mr. Trump. In 2018, Mr. Giuliani abruptly resigned from his position as a partner at the law firm Greenberg Traurig, after he clashed with the firm over his public statements in defense of hush-money payments made on Mr. Trump’s behalf to a pornographic film actress.
In summer 2019, he started a law firm called Rudolph W. Giuliani, PLLC. In an interview a few months later, Mr. Giuliani said, “My legal practice is supporting me right now.” He added with a laugh, “It’s not doing really well,” because of the scrutiny surrounding his work for Mr. Trump.
In the interview, Mr. Giuliani said that the firm represented “people like me who are being tortured.”
Maggie Haberman, Kenneth P. Vogel and Benjamin Weiser contributed reporting.
Rudy Giuliani’s Law License Suspended Over Election Lie Spree
Rudy Giuliani has been suspended from practicing law in New York state due to his “demonstrably false and misleading statements” about the 2020 election result.
The New York Supreme Court Appellate Division’s grievance committee filed a summary of disciplinary proceedings on Thursday, outlining multiple “uncontroverted” instances of professional misconduct.
“[W]e conclude that there is uncontroverted evidence that respondent communicated demonstrably false and misleading statements to courts, lawmakers and the public at large in his capacity as lawyer for former President Donald J. Trump and the Trump campaign in connection with Trump’s failed effort at reelection in 2020,” the five-member Attorney Grievance Committee said in its filing.
“These false statements were made to improperly bolster respondent’s narrative that due to widespread voter fraud, victory in the 2020 United States presidential election was stolen from his client. We conclude that respondent’s conduct immediately threatens the public interest and warrants interim suspension from the practice of law, pending further proceedings before the Attorney Grievance Committee.”
Giuliani was admitted to practice law in New York in 1969, and rose to prominence as a mafia-busting prosecutor. He still maintains a firm, Giuliani Partners LLC, in the Empire State and appeared as a New York licensed attorney in several lawsuits filed across the country in the wake of Trump’s 2020 defeat.
All licensed attorneys in New York must abide by professional rules of conduct, which are upheld by judicial departments of the Supreme Court’s Appellate Divisions.
In its 33-page ruling, the grievance committee outlines—and then systematically debunks—a long list of statements Giuliani made during his months-long crusade to overturn Joe Biden’s win.
For example, Giuliani claimed in several interviews and state legislature hearings that more absentee ballots came in during the election in Pennsylvania than were sent out before the election—a statement that the committee easily proved was “simply untrue.”
In response, Giuliani told the committee that an unidentified member of his “team” had “inadvertently” taken misleading information from Pennsylvania’s website.
In other examples, Giuliani repeatedly claimed that dead people voted in Georgia, at times quantifying it as 800, 6,000, or 10,515 dead people. (In truth, officials were investigating two potential cases of votes being cast in the name of dead people.) In Pennsylvania, he put the number at 8,021 dead people and then 30,000 dead people.
Public records “unequivocally show that respondent’s statement is false,” the committee said. (Giuliani argued during disciplinary proceedings that he didn’t know the statements were false but he failed to provide “a scintilla of evidence” to support his claim, the filing says.)
In one election-related lawsuit in Pennsylvania about two voters who had their mail-in ballots rejected, Giuliani repeatedly told a judge that his client was pursuing a fraud claim, “when indisputably it was not,” the committee said.
The mischaracterization of the case was not simply a passing mistake, the committee found. “Fraud was the crown of his personal argument before the court that day,” it said.
Altogether, the misconduct posed an immediate threat to the public interest, the committee concluded.
While Giuliani claimed to the committee that he believed most of his statements to be true at the time, he also offered an over-arching First Amendment defense.
But the committee said it rejected that argument. Giuliani knowingly misrepresented facts and made false statements on behalf of clients—two violations not protected by the First Amendment, it said.
The disciplinary probe was initiated in January, when State Senate Judiciary Committee Chair Brad Hoylman urged the grievance committee to investigate Giuliani’s role in the Capitol riot.
On Thursday, Hoylman said he was happy the committee agreed with his complaint. “[T]here can be no room in the profession for those who seek to undermine and undo the rule of law as Rudy Giuliani has so flagrantly done,” he said.
Separately, the New York Bar Association is investigating Giuliani after receiving hundreds of complaints about his role in the Capitol riot.
In a statement in January, NYSBA blamed the mob on Trump’s repeated false claims about the results of the 2020 election—but notes that the “president did not act alone.”
“Hours before the angry mob stormed the Capitol walls, Trump’s personal attorney, Rudolph Giuliani, addressed a crowd of thousands at the White House, reiterating baseless claims of widespread election fraud in the presidential election and the Georgia U.S. Senate runoffs,” the association, which counts 24,000 lawyers among its members, said.
While the grievance committee said it wanted to immediately boot Giuliani from practicing law, it said the suspension was only temporary pending a full formal disciplinary proceeding. Giuliani will be able to appeal the decision.
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Former President Trump’s attorney Rudolph Giuliani has been suspended from practicing law in the state of New York.
A 33-page order on Thursday from the Supreme Court of the State of New York said Mr. Giuliani, a former prosecutor and mayor of New York, violated rules of professional conduct with his advocacy of claims of election fraud in the 2020 presidential election.
Mr. Giuliani was admitted to practice law in New York in 1969.
“There is uncontroverted evidence that respondent communicated demonstrably false and misleading statements to courts, lawmakers and the public at large in his capacity as lawyer for former President Donald J. Trump and the Trump campaign in connection with Trump’s failed effort at reelection in 2020,” the order read.
“These false statements were made to improperly bolster respondent’s narrative that due to widespread voter fraud, victory in the 2020 United States presidential election was stolen from his client.”
The court concluded Mr. Giuliani’s conduct threatens the “public interest.”
The complaint was brought by the Attorney Grievance Committee for the First Judicial Department, as Mr. Giuliani operates a law office within that jurisdiction.
Mr. Giuliani did not immediately respond to a request for comment. He has 20 days to request a post-suspension hearing with the court.
Mr. Giuliani had argued his statements about the 2020 election were protected by the First Amendment, but the court did not agree, ruling that the disciplinary action against Mr. Giuliani is related to him violating ethics rules by making false statements to a court while representing a client.
“It is long recognized that ‘speech by an attorney is subject to greater regulation than speech by others,’” the court held.
Specifically, the court took issue with Mr. Giuliani’s statements on radio programs that Pennsylvania had more absentee ballots received during the 2020 election than were sent out to voters. The court said 3.08 million absentee ballots were mailed out in reality, and 2.5 million were tallied.
The order also referenced Mr. Giuliani’s claims that minors and felons voted in Georgia and illegal residents had voted in Arizona, which the court concluded were false statements.
“The seriousness of [Mr. Giuliani’s] uncontroverted misconduct cannot be overstated. This country is being torn apart by continued attacks on the legitimacy of the 2020 election and of our current president, Joseph R. Biden,” the order read.
Mr. Giuliani also made “wide-ranging claims” about Dominion Voting Systems manipulating the vote count, according to the court‘s findings.
But the order didn’t say whether his comments were false, pointing to a defamation lawsuit filed by Dominion against Mr. Giuliani that is still pending.
Mr. Trump commented on the suspension in disbelief.
“Can you believe that New York wants to strip Rudy Giuliani, a great American Patriot, of his law license because he has been fighting what has already been proven to be a Fraudulent Election? The greatest Mayor in the history of New York City, the Eliot Ness of his generation, one of the greatest crime fighters our Country has ever known, and this is what the Radical Left does to him,” the former president said.
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The law has a high bar for defamation lawsuits
Attorney Thomas Clare, representing Dominion in court on Thursday, said he has convincingly shown in the lawsuits that each defendant knowingly made false statements "with reckless disregard for the truth," meeting the legal standard for a defamation case to proceed.
He said Powell used manipulated documents in her lawsuits, Giuliani promoted the claims to make money from cigar sponsorship deals, and Lindell barreled past legal rulings, audits, and recounts to continue leveling claims while making money for MyPillow from Trump supporters.
Nichols expressed skepticism about some of the arguments asking to dismiss the case:
Howard Kleinman, representing Powell, said Powell's claims were initially made in lawsuits based on sworn statements and should therefore be considered true for the sake of legal proceedings. Nichols said Powell repeated the same claims, without any hedging, in multiple public appearances, not just in her lawsuits.
Douglas Daniels, an attorney representing Lindell, said the pillow mogul's comments about Dominion could not be considered defamatory because they were made within the context of a national debate about election security. Nichols said Lindell's specific claims about Dominion - that it rigged the election - were different from a simple policy debate about electronic voter machines.
Joe Sibley, representing Giuliani, said Dominion couldn't show evidence it had lost government contracts because of the Trump attorney's allegations. Nichols asked whether the standard made sense, as not much time had elapsed since Giuliani's claims.
Aside from their federal lawsuits with Dominion, each of the conspiracy theorists faces other headaches.
On Thursday, a New York court stripped Giuliani of his ability to practice law, ruling that he cannot be trusted because of his falsehoods about the 2020 election. He is also a subject of a Justice Department investigation examining his attempts to interfere in the 2020 election from Ukraine.
Powell is facing potential legal sanctions because of her false claims. She and Giuliani are also both targets of a defamation lawsuit from Smartmatic, a rival technology company they said was in cahoots with Dominion to manipulate election results.
Lindell said he's losing money because of his claims about the election, and he's filed a countersuit against Dominion in a federal court in Minnesota. His attorney on Thursday said Dominion's lawsuit should have been filed in Minnesota instead of DC, an argument the judge seemed skeptical about.
Warrant for Giuliani’s computers, phones seeks communications with over a dozen
Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani, personal attorney to U.S. President Donald Trump, speaks about the 2020 U.S. presidential election results during a news conference in Washington, U.S., November 19, 2020. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
April 30 (Reuters) - U.S. investigators are seeking to review Rudy Giuliani's phones and computers for communications with more than a dozen people, including a high-ranking prosecutor in Ukraine, according to a warrant executed at his apartment this week.
They also are searching for communications with any U.S. government official or employee relating to Marie Yovanovitch, the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine who was ousted by the Trump administration in 2019, the warrant says.
Agents seized more than 10 cell phones and computers from Giuliani's Manhattan apartment and office in raids on Wednesday, according to his lawyer, Bob Costello, who read the search warrant to a Reuters reporter.
According to the warrant, investigators are looking for evidence that Giuliani acted as an unregistered foreign agent, a violation of lobbying laws.
Giuliani said in a statement following the raids that his "conduct as a lawyer and a citizen was absolutely legal and ethical." A spokesman for the Manhattan U.S. Attorney's office declined to comment.
The list of the people identified in the warrant includes:
LEV PARNAS AND IGOR FRUMAN
Ukrainian-born Parnas and Belarus-born Fruman are two Florida-based businessmen who helped Giuliani dig up dirt on Joe Biden and his son Hunter before the 2020 presidential election and push to remove Yovanovitch.
Federal prosecutors in Manhattan have accused Parnas and Fruman of using a shell company to make an illegal $325,000 donation to a committee supporting Trump's re-election. The men have pleaded not guilty to violating campaign finance laws and other charges. A trial is scheduled for October.
A lawyer for Fruman declined to comment. A lawyer for Parnas did not respond to a request for comment.
A confectionary magnate and one of Ukraine's richest men, Poroshenko took power in 2014 and served as the country's president until 2019. At Giuliani's direction, Parnas and Fruman met Poroshenko in February 2019, while he was still in office, and pressed him to announce investigations into Hunter Biden and purported Ukrainian interference in the 2016 presidential election in exchange for a state visit, the Wall Street Journal and Washington Post reported.
Poroshenko's office told Reuters on Friday that he held two meetings with Giuliani in his capacity as President Donald Trump's "special envoy" during which they discussed Russian aggression, fighting disinformation and how to strengthen the alliance between Kyiv and Washington.
Mamedov, who currently serves as a high-ranking prosecutor in Ukraine, was a key intermediary in Giuliani's efforts to press Ukraine to open investigations that would tarnish Biden, according to NBC News.
He played a role in setting up a meeting between Giuliani and Ukrainian officials, NBC reported. A spokesperson for Mamedov had no immediate comment on investigators looking at communications with Giuliani.
Shokin became Ukraine's general prosecutor in February 2015 and led an investigation into the energy company Burisma, the Ukrainian gas company where Biden's son Hunter was a board member from 2014 to 2019.
Shokin was removed from his job in 2016 following accusations of corruption by Western diplomats.
Giuliani told Reuters he met with Shokin over Skype in late 2018.
Shokin could not be reached for comment on Friday, according to his lawyer.
Lutsenko succeeded Shokin as general prosecutor. In 2019, Lutsenko told John Solomon, a U.S. columnist, that he had evidence related to the Bidens and Burisma. Later that year Lutsenko told Reuters he found no evidence of wrongdoing on the part of Biden’s son in his relationship with the energy firm.
Giuliani told Reuters in 2019 that he met with Lutsenko twice early that year.
"I didn't correspond with Giuliani. I didn't even have his phone (number)," Lutsenko told Reuters on Friday. "We didn't communicate in any regular way."
Kulyk, a former Ukrainian prosecutor, also worked on the country's investigations into Burisma. Giuliani told Reuters he met with Kulyk in Paris in 2019. Kulyk did not immediately respond to requests for comment on Friday.
A Ukrainian businessman and former lawmaker, Zagoriy attended a meeting between Giuliani and Lutsenko in January 2019, according to documents released by the U.S. State Department. Zagoriy could not immediately be reached for comment on Friday.
Correia, another Florida businessman, pleaded guilty last year to making false statements to the Federal Election Commission, and duping investors in Fraud Guarantee, a company he founded with Parnas that paid Giuliani $500,000. A lawyer for Correia did not respond to a request for comment on Friday.
VICTORIA TOENSING AND JOE DIGENOVA
Toensing and diGenova are married Washington lawyers who helped Giuliani represent Trump in his post-election lawsuits. They represented Ukrainian oligarch Dmytro Firtash, who is fighting extradition from Vienna on U.S. bribery and racketeering charges. FBI agents raided the couple's home earlier this week and seized a cellphone used by Toensing.
Toensing and diGenova did not respond to a request for comment on Friday.
Solomon worked for The Hill, a Washington newspaper and website covering Congress, when he wrote a series of pieces that Yovanovitch testified to Congress were part of a smear campaign against her that Giuliani appeared to be behind. The Hill later said Solomon failed to identify important details about key Ukrainian sources, including the fact that they had been indicted or were under investigation.