Today in History
705 - Empress Wu Zetian abdicates the throne, restoring the Tang dynasty.
1316 - Battle of Picotin between Ferdinand of Majorca and the forces of Matilda of Hainaut
1371 - Robert II becomes King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty.
1495 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city's throne.
1632 - Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
1651 - St. Peter's Flood: A storm surge floods the Frisian coast, drowning 15,000 people.
1744 - War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon begins.
1797 - The Last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales.
1819 - By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
1821 - Greek War of Independence: Alexander Ypsilantis crosses the Prut river at Sculeni into the Danubian Principalities.
1847 - Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista - 5,000 American troops defeat 15,000 Mexicans.
1848 - The French Revolution of 1848, which would lead to the establishment of the French Second Republic, begins.
1853 - Washington University in St. Louis is founded as Eliot Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.
1855 - The Pennsylvania State University is founded in State College, Pennsylvania (as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania)
1856 - The United States Republican Party opens its first national meeting in Pittsburghclarification needed.
1862 - Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia. He was previously inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
1872 - The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee.
1879 - In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and dime Woolworth stores.
1889 - United States President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states.
1899 - Filipino forces led by General Antonio Luna launch counterattacks for the first time against the American forces during the Philippine-American War. The Filipinos fail to regain Manila from the Americans.
1904 - The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
1909 - The sixteen battleships of the Great White Fleet, led by USS Connecticut, return to the United States after a voyage around the world.
1921 - After Russian forces under Baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg drive the Chinese out, the Bogd Khan is reinstalled as the emperor of Mongolia.
1924 - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
1942 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable.
1943 - World War II: Members of the White Rose resistance, Sophie Scholl, Hans Scholl, and Christoph Probst are executed in Nazi Germany.
1944 - World War II: American aircraft mistakenly bomb the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.
1944 - World War II: The Soviet Red Army recaptures Krivoi Rog.
1948 - Communist revolution in Czechoslovakia.
1957 - Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam survives a communist shooting assassination attempt in Buôn Ma Thuột.
1958 - Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.
1959 - Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
1972 - The Official Irish Republican Army detonates a car bomb at Aldershot barracks, killing seven and injuring nineteen others.
1973 - Cold War: Following President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China, the two countries agree to establish liaison offices.
1974 - The Organisation of the Islamic Conference summit begins in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries attend and twenty-two heads of state and government participate. It also recognizes Bangladesh.
1974 - Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon.
1979 - Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.
1980 - Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3.
1983 - The notorious Broadway flop Moose Murders opens and closes on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.
1986 - Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
1994 - Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
1995 - The Corona reconnaissance satellite program, in existence from 1959 to 1972, is declassified.
1997 - In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly has been successfully cloned.
2002 - Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.
2006 - At least six men stage Britain's biggest robbery, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or €78 million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
2011 - New Zealand's second deadliest earthquake strikes Christchurch, killing 185 people.
2011 - Bahraini uprising: Tens of thousands of people march in protest against the deaths of seven victims killed by police and army forces during previous protests.
2012 - A train crash in Buenos Aires, Argentina, kills 51 people and injures 700 others.
2014 - President Viktor Yanukovych of Ukraine is impeached by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine by a vote of 328-0, fulfilling a major goal of the Euromaidan rebellion.
2015 - A ferry carrying 100 passengers capsizes in the Padma River, killing 70 people.
All above information obtained from Wikipedia.org
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